Tamoxifen what is it

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  1. struiler Guest

    Tamoxifen what is it


    Tamoxifen (Nolvadex®) is a medication in pill form that has been used for more than 25 years to treat breast cancer in women and men. Tamoxifen is one of the most common endocrine therapy drugs. It has been shown to decrease the chance of recurrence in some early-stage breast cancers and to prevent the development of cancer in the opposite breast. Tamoxifen can also slow or stop the growth of cancer cells present in the body. There are an estimated 29 million women at increased risk for breast cancer in this country, and tamoxifen may offer another alternative to watchful waiting or prophylactic (preventative) mastectomy. Tamoxifen is classified as a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) and works as an anti-estrogen: While the hormone estrogen promotes the growth of breast cancer cells, tamoxifen works by blocking estrogen from attaching to estrogen receptors on these cells. By blocking the estrogen receptors, it is believed that the growth of the breast cancer cells will be halted. Omen with the most common form of breast cancer may find that their treatment plans include tamoxifen. Tamoxifen is one of the most frequently-used chemotherapy drugs though it is somewhat controversial. When it comes to any kind of breast cancer chemotherapy, there’s a lot to think about. If you have a high-risk profile for breast cancer, or if you’ve been diagnosed with the disease, you may be asking, or SERM. Tamoxifen and raloxifene, a similar drug, are the only medications to be FDA-approved for prevention of breast cancer in women who are at higher risk because of familial risk factors. Only tamoxifen can be used for prevention in all women, and raloxifene can only be used in postmenopausal women. Tamoxifen has also been used as a primary treatment for some early stage forms of cancer and as a secondary, or , meaning they affect how hormones work.

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    Letrozole is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration FDA for the treatment of local or metastatic breast cancer that is hormone receptor positive or has an unknown receptor status in postmenopausal women. Tamoxifen is a drug taken orally in pill form. For over a quarter of a century, physicians have prescribed tamoxifen to help treat patients with advanced breast cancer. The drug tamoxifen is approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration FDA to help treat early and advanced stages of breast cancer and prevent breast cancer recurrence return.

    Your pet is ill, his quality of life is poor, and euthanasia is inevitable. To honor the unconditional love he has given you all these years, you choose in-home euthanasia as the last way to cherish his life. The very first thing is to pick the spot where the euthanasia will be performed. This spot should be familiar to the pet and where your pet feels the most comfortable. Maybe it’s your cat’s favorite spot on the couch in the sunlight. Maybe it’s in the backyard where your dog always loved to watch squirrels. Perhaps it’s at a forest preserve, or the spot on the bed where your cat liked to sleep. For over a quarter of a century, physicians have prescribed tamoxifen to help treat patients with advanced breast cancer. In the 1990s, physicians began using tamoxifen to treat early stage breast cancer after breast surgery (lumpectomy or mastectomy). Tamoxifen has been shown to help prevent the original breast cancer from returning after breast surgery while also hindering the development of new cancers in the opposite breast. In late 1998, tamoxifen became the first drug to be approved by the U. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to prevent breast cancer after research showed it reduced the chances of developing breast cancer by 50% in women at high risk. To grow and reproduce, breast cancer cells require the female hormone estrogen. Tamoxifen is an "anti-estrogen" and works by competing with estrogen to bind to estrogen receptors in breast cancer cells. Tamoxifen is formally known as a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM).

    Tamoxifen what is it

    NEWSTART Health Summit – NEWSTART, Basic Information On Tamoxifen Breast Cancer Treatment.

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  6. Nolvadex tamoxifen citrate is a nonsteroidal antiestrogen used to treat breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body metastatic breast cancer, to treat breast cancer in certain patients after surgery and radiation therapy, and to reduce the chances of breast cancer in high-risk patients.

    • Common Side Effects of Nolvadex Tamoxifen Citrate Drug..
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    Il primo antiestrogeno non steroideo scoperto fu il MER25 etamoxitrifetolo, che pur avendo una struttura simile agli estrogeni sintetici, quella del trifeniletanolo, aveva attività antagonista verso il recettore ER. Der Wirkstoff Tamoxifen wird in der Therapie von Brustkrebs eingesetzt. Er wirkt gezielt an den Andockstellen Rezeptoren weiblicher Geschlechtshormone Östrogen und Progesteron und kann so das Wachstum hormonabhängiger Tumoren hemmen. Tamoxifen is a well-known drug that has been used in cancer treatment for decades. One of its positives is that there aren’t many unanswered questions about how it works and what women can expect if they take it.

     
  7. dimmyf3 New Member

    El tamoxifeno es un medicamento que se emplea como terapia complementaria para el cáncer de mama y Ginecomastia. Se utiliza durante un periodo de 5 años tras finalizar la cirugía y quimioterapia y ha demostrado en diferentes estudios que disminuye considerablemente la probabilidad de que se produzca una reincidencia del tumor.​ Técnicamente se clasifica como modulador selectivo de los receptores estrogénicos. Su mecanismo de acción se basa en su efecto antiestrogénico, es decir bloquea la acción de esta hormona que estimula el desarrollo de las células tumorales. No es útil en todos los cánceres de mama, sino únicamente en aquellos cuyas células presentan receptores específicos para estrógenos. Los tumores de mama son heterogéneos a nivel celular y únicamente el 60% presentan receptores hormonales de este tipo.​ Su acción no se limita a la mama, pues diferentes órganos tienen receptores para estrógenos. En el útero tiene paradójicamente un efecto agonista estrogénico y en el hueso mejora la asimilación de calcio, por lo que es beneficioso en la osteoporosis, en el caso de las mujeres menopausicas. Ya que en las mujeres premenopausicas puede generar el efecto contrario, aumentado la pérdida de densidad mineral ósea.​ En algunas pacientes produce como efecto secundario un aumento en el espesor de la porción más interna del útero (hiperplasia endometrial). Order race photos - Callaghan Park What is nolvadex - CREEED What is nolvadex
     
  8. andrey054 Guest

    A canker sore is a shallow sore shaped like a crater (ulcer) on your tongue or on the inside of your lip or cheek. Canker sores have a red border and a white or yellow center. They may be painful and can make it hard to talk and eat. You may have one or more than one canker sore at a time. Anyone can get a canker sore, but women, teens, and young adults have them more often. Most people have canker sores at some time in their lives, and some people have them regularly. The cause of canker sores is unknown, but they tend to run in families. Canker sores may also develop when you: The main symptom of a canker sore is getting a shallow ulcer on your tongue or on the inside of your lip or cheek. The sore may be large or small, and it will have a red border and a white or yellow center. Treating Oral Ulcers - Registered Dental Hygienist - RDH Magazine Canker sore - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic Canker Sore, Cold Sore, Mouth Sore Treatment MinuteClinic
     
  9. algo New Member

    Metformin Side Effects, Dosage, Uses, and More Metformin oral tablets are available as generic drugs and as brand-name drugs. Brand names Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Fortamet, and Glumetza. Metformin.

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  10. alex_sam Moderator

    Questions and Answers for Cialis tadalafil Cialis should not be used by patients taking nitrates such as nitroglycerin tablets or patches because the combination of these with Cialis could significantly lower blood pressure and lead to.

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