Chloroquine method of action

Discussion in 'Pharmacy Northwest Canada' started by minimum, 10-Mar-2020.

  1. Chloroquine method of action


    Dark-skinned persons may experience generalized pruritus that is not indicative of drug allergy. Retinal toxicity that may occur with long-term high doses of chloroquine used in the treatment of other diseases is extremely unlikely with chloroquine given as a weekly malaria chemosuppressive agent.

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    Chloroquine is thought to exert its antimalarial effect by preventing the polymerization of toxic heme released during proteolysis of hemoglobin in the Plasmodium digestive vacuole. The mechanism of this blockade has not been established. We incubated cultured parasites with subinhibitory doses of 3Hchloroquine and 3H quinidine. These 3Hquinoline compounds became associated with hemozoin. Mechanism of Action Chloroquine, a 4-aminoquinoline, is an anti-protozoal agent. The precise mechanism by which Chloroquine exhibits activity is not known. Chloroquine, may exert its effect against Plasmodium species by concentrating in the acid vesicles of the parasite and by inhibiting polymerization of heme. It can also inhibit certain enzymes by its interaction with DNA. Mechanism of Action Chloroquine, a 4-aminoquinoline, is an anti-protozoal agent. The precise mechanism by which chloroquine exhibits activity is not known. Chloroquine, may exert its effect against Plasmodium species by concentrating in the acid vesicles of the parasite and by inhibiting polymerization of heme.

    Because insufficient drug is excreted in breast milk to protect the infant, nursing infants should be given chloroquine. Chloroquine use is suitable for people of all ages and for pregnant women.

    Chloroquine method of action

    Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an., Chloroquine - FDA prescribing information, side effects.

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  5. Chloroquine mechanism of drug action and resistance in Plasmodium falciparum. Slater AF1. Author information 1Picower Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, NY 11030. Quinoline-containing drugs such as chloroquine and quinine have had a long and successful history in antimalarial chemotherapy.

    • Chloroquine mechanism of drug action and resistance in..
    • CHLOROQUINE PHOSPHATE, USP.
    • Antimalarial Drugs Modes of Action snd Mechanisms of Resistance.

    Chloroquine binds to heme or FP to form the FP-chloroquine complex; this complex is highly toxic to the cell and disrupts membrane function. Action of the toxic FP-chloroquine and FP results in cell lysis and ultimately parasite cell autodigestion. In essence, the parasite cell drowns in its own metabolic products. Chloroquine is the generic form of the brand-name prescription medicine Aralen, which is used to prevent and treat malaria — a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite — and to treat amebiasis, an infection of the intestines caused by a parasite. The drug chloroquine is bactericidal for Bacillus megaterium ; it inhibits DNA and RNA biosynthesis and produces rapid degradation of ribosomes and dissimilation of ribosomal RNA. Inhibition of protein synthesis is also observed, evidently as a secondary effect. Inhibition of DNA replication is proposed as a general mechanism of the antimicrobial action of chloroquine.

     
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  8. MitremiX Moderator

    Hydroxychloroquine Uses, Dosage & Side Effects - Hydroxychloroquine is a quinoline medicine used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia.

    Hydroxychloroquine - Side Effects, Dosage, Interactions.