She suffered from Sjogren syndrome and inflammatory arthritis and was currently treated with prednisone and methotrexate. She was previously treated with hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) 200mg bid (6.5mg/kg) for 10 years, which was stopped one year prior to presentation. Plaquenil long qt Plaquenil side effects mouth sores Hydroxychloroquine and Ocular Toxicity Recommendations on Screening. The Royal College of Ophthalmologists in association with The British Society for Rheumatology and the British Association of Dermatologists, 2009. Jan 05, 2020 Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil and chloroquine cause ocular toxicity to various parts of the eye such as the cornea, ciliary body, and retina. Chloroquine can also induce cataract formation; however, no reports of hydroxychloroquine and cataract have been reported. This article focuses upon hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. Disease Mar 02, 2018 The new guideline on screening for hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine retinopathy is written in response to evidence from the United States that shows that hydroxychloroquine retinopathy is more common than previously recognised. Implementation of the guideline’s recommendations will prevent iatrogenic visual loss. Review of systems: Blurred vision, halos, dry eye, dry mouth, gastroesophageal reflux, joint pain Pupils: Reactive to light in each eye from 5 mm in the dark to 2 mm in the light. Extraocular movements: Full, both eyes (OU) Confrontation visual fields: Full OU Intra-ocular pressure The optic nerves appeared healthy with a 0.3 cup-to-disc ratio. Past Ocular History: None Medical History: Sjogren syndrome and inflammatory arthritis, supraventricular tachycardia, anxiety, depression, peptic ulcer disease Medications: prednisone, methotrexate, amitriptyline, ranitidine, estradiol, tizanidine, diltiazem, Restasis Allergies: codeine, droperidol Family History: heart disease, arthritis, cancer Social History: occasional alcohol but no tobacco or intravenous drug use. Hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine retinopathy screening for drug toxicity Eye screening for patients taking hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil®, Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki Plaquenil used for hair loss Mar 15, 2019 Medication Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine belong to the quinolone family. Although their therapeutic and toxic doses differ, they are related drugs with similar clinical indications for use and. Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity Practice.. RCOphth guideline Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine.. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and.. Macular toxicity is related to the total cumulative dose rather than the daily dose. Regular eye screening, even in the absence of visual symptoms, is recommended to begin when either of these risk factors occurs. Toxicity from hydroxychloroquine may be seen in two distinct areas of the eye the cornea and the macula. Marmor MF, Kellner U, Lai TY, Melles RB, Mieler WF, American Academy of Ophthalmology. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy 2016 Revision. Ophthalmology. 2016 Jun. 123 61386-94. Mason CG. Ocular accumulation and toxicity of certain systemically administered drugs. Mar 10, 2017 Hydroxychloroquine HCQ trade name, Plaquenil and chloroquine CQ trade name, Aralen are drugs established in the treatment of autoimmune disease and skin disorders, but are also emerging as a treatment option in oncology and paediatric inflammatory disorders.